… The Warriors meet the Toronto Raptors in game 4 of the NBA Finals tonight and it could be the final time Golden State takes the floor at Oracle Arena. After 47 years in Oakland, the team will move across the Bay and play in San Francisco next season at the Chase Center.Count Charles Barkley among the people who believe that’s so very wrong.Related Articles Warriors resemble team of old, Kevon Looney isn’t ready, and other thoughts from loss to Trail Blazers
16 November 2005A consortium led by the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has developed a new system that pasteurises raw eggs to destroy the dangerous Salmonella enteritidis bacteria – and could kill the virus that causes avian influenza.Salmonella can cause potentially lethal diarrhoea and is a major concern for the restaurant trade, which uses raw eggs in puddings and sauces.With increased restrictions on feed antibiotics administered to chickens, the incidence of salmonella is rising. Many countries have recently had to take measures to contain salmonella outbreaks.The World Health Organisation reports that 40% of food poisoning cases in Europe are a result of infected eggs. In Africa, the higher incidence of HIV can make the consequences of salmonella poisoning more serious in immune-compromised individuals.To tackle the problem the research consortium pooled the skills of the CSIR, the University of Pretoria, Delphius Technologies and Eggbert Eggs, the country’s second largest egg producer. Financial support came from South Africa’s Innovation Fund.The process works with low-frequency microwaves and hot air, says Nell Wiid, managing director of Eggbert Eggs. The eggs are placed in a specially designed microwave oven and are heated to between 50°C and 70°C, killing the salmonella bacteria without cooking the eggs.Pasteurised eggs are sold in the US, but they cost up to three times more than untreated eggs, says Wiid. Moreover, the US system uses an impractical water-bath technique that partly cooks the egg white.The South African technique requires a specially designed oven cavity and phased process developed by Delphius Technologies, specialists in the development of industrial microwave ovens. The consortium is seeking an international patent for the ovens and processes.“The most difficult part of the project optimising the heating curve and identifying hot spots,” says Wiid. “Eggs vary in shape, mass, position of the yolk and heating profile and the microorganisms are sensitive to many of these variables.”The bird flu threatBy the time the consortium’s work had produced results, warnings by the World Health Organisation on bird flu led the team to expand its research to include testing on a low-virulence strain of the avian flu virus.“Preliminary results from these trials indicate that the new pasteurisation technology also destroys the avian influenza pathogen,” says Dr Gatsha Mazithulela, the CSIR’s executive director for biosciences.“While all indications are that South Africa is currently free of avian flu, we are encouraged by these results and by the future potential of this technology as one possible preventative measure.”From December South African consumers will be able to buy pasteurised eggs – clearly marked as “Safe Eggs” and “Pasteurised Eggs” – from supermarkets. They will cost about 8c more than unpasteurised eggs. The eggs also have an extended shelf life of at least double that of unpasteurised eggs, and can be kept for up to six weeks at 18°C to 22°C.Huge international interest in the technology has taken Wiid to Belgium and France, and he is optimistic that South Africa could significantly benefit from this innovation.SouthAfrica.info reporter Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo material
Opened in 2010, the Bank of America Tower in New York City was praised as a model of sustainability. But the LEED-Platinum building has proved to be anything but, according to an article by Sam Roudman in the New Republic.Roudman writes that while the building boasted green features such as waterless urinals and rainwater harvesting, it actually uses twice the energy per square foot as the Empire State Building, which is 80 years old. In fact, the building produces more greenhouse gases and uses more energy per square foot than any office building of comparable size in Manhattan, Roudman says.“LEED has helped create a market for sustainability where one didn’t exist before,” the article says. “The problem is that real-estate developers have been able to game the system, racking up points for relatively minor measures.”Much of the energy use, however, can be traced to huge trading floors packed with computer monitors and servers.The U.S. Green Building Council, which created and administers the LEED system, said it had no control over how the occupants use the building. “We are not the government,” Roudman quotes Scot Horst, sernior vice president for LEED as saying. “We can’t regulate anything.”And Roudman’s assertions brought an interesting rebuttal from Treehugger writer Lloyd Alter, who thought the article amounted to “LEED-bashing.”
Members of the public are being invited to take advantage of the multi-faceted services being offered at the Hope Zoo as part of the upgrading and refurbishing work now underway. Curator of the zoo, Orlando Robinson, tells JIS News that these services include guided school tours, and a petting zoo “where you can have an interactive experience with the animals”. “We have a new feature, which is the budgie feeding experience where you pay a small fee and you can go in and hand feed some birds,” he informs. Mr. Robinson further notes that a travelling petting zoo is offered, where persons can opt to bring the zoo experience to their doorsteps. They can also use the facility to host functions. He tells JIS News that an initiative is also underway to develop a concentrated programme for tours, and to work with the Ministry of Education to subsidise rates for school groups. “It is Jamaica’s national zoo and we want you to realize that we are all a part of building it. We want you to come out and support us whether it is in cash or kind, just come in and visit with your family, enjoy the space. It’s here for us to enjoy so please come out and support our services, enjoy the space and help us to rebuild Hope Zoo,” Mr Robinson says. Administrative Manager, Hope Zoo, Karen Gandretti, explains that guided tours have to be pre-booked, and also, if persons are interested, parties can be held on the property. “If you would like to have your birthday party at the property, you can reserve the various gazebos for that purpose or even the lawn (area). Some persons want a big outdoor party so they have a bounce about, trampolines, slides and all of those things, all of that can be done here as well,” Miss Gandretti says. The Hope Zoo Preservation Foundation, an affiliate of corporate entity, Guardsman Group, is partnering with the Government and other public and private stakeholders, to help bring the 60-acre property, which opened in 1961, back to the glory days. “In Kingston now, you don’t have a lot of green areas outside of Hope Gardens and Emancipation Park, and so there is this great need for our children and future generations to have somewhere where they can go and relax and be in touch with nature, not just with plants but with animals, whether they are from Jamaica or from other parts of the world,” says Operation Manager, Hope Zoo Preservation Foundation, Rovein Richards. So far, renovation is being done on buildings, new gazebos have been built, exhibit areas have been repaired and spruced-up with fresh coats of paints, walkways have been repaved, and landscaping in ongoing. Also, they are seeking to bring back some key animals as lions, zebras and camels. There are already several budgies, macaws and other exotic birds at the zoo and a donation of donkeys was made earlier this year. The latter will form part of a domestic animal exhibit of goats, rabbits and more to teach children how to take care of and appreciate them. There are plans to put in new administration block, reception area, offices, pet store, gift shop, restaurants, audio-visual room, and provided more exotic animals. Mr. Robinson informs that the operators took the decision to open the facility to the public, even while the improvement work is underway. “Some might say it would have been good to just close and reopen with a big bang. We felt that we would have a great impact nonetheless because its buzzing; word of mouth is spreading and people are coming and saying yes, we are improving….I was here last week and last month, and the following month, something else has happened…..so it has worked for us and we didn’t want to close the facility and stop people from coming,” Mr. Robinson says. He tells JIS News that a key element in the redevelopment project is to protect the welfare of the animals. “We had to move away from the concrete and the bars and try to soften them with plants and focus on the whole aspect of landscaping so that they simulate a real life experience for the animals,” Mr. Richards states. “A person will come and they will see an animal and there is so much that they will be able to learn about it and how to appreciate and respect them when they see them in the wild, rather than just abuse them and be afraid,” he adds. Ms. Gandretti, tells JIS News that the operators of the zoo want patrons to be able to appreciate and enjoy what is on offer, and help to preserve its offerings. “We don’t encourage playing of football and all of those ball type games, because it can disturb the animals. Another thing is we prefer if persons don’t throw stones at the crocodiles,” Miss Gandretti says. Hope Zoo is open from Mondays to Sundays from 6:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. and from 10:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. on public holidays. Persons can call the offices at 927-2888 to find out about entrance fees or to book the property for parties, tours or other events.
HALIFAX – A Prohibition-era law that has for decades required “dry” Nova Scotia communities to hold plebiscites on whether to change their liquor rules is coming to an end.Nova Scotia’s Liberal government announced the change to its Liquor Control Act on Tuesday, making it the last jurisdiction in the country to end the unusual ritual.The law had called for votes when a business wanted to make or serve alcohol in a dry town, or the Nova Scotia Liquor Corp. sought to open an outlet in communities where the sale is restricted.There are about 100 communities — mostly in rural areas and some too small to support a bar — where the dry laws remained in place since the 1920s.As of Jan. 1 of next year, their municipal governments can quickly end this status if a brewery or liquor store wants to set up.Nova Scotia has been the only province that restricted where liquor can be sold or produced through provincial legislation. Other provinces have long relied on municipal zoning or bylaws to impose restrictions.The list of communities that were considered dry has been based on an old map in a government office in Halifax that is supposed to show which ones are still locked in Prohibition.But the names are so faded that the document is of little use.When an application is made for a rural liquor licence, research is often required to determine if the area is still dry because the electoral boundaries have been redrawn many times over the years.There’s also a different list of officially dry communities when it comes to the operation of liquor stores.Since taverns were first legalized in Nova Scotia in 1948, over 280 plebiscites have been held by the province’s alcohol and gaming division.As Finance Minister Karen Casey made the announcement on Tuesday, she noted recent plebiscites have had poor turnouts and have seen lopsided victories to end the liquor restrictions.It has also been two decades since any area voted against allowing the loosening of liquor restrictions.“The requirement dates back to Prohibition, and has become outdated,” said Casey.“They can be costly and they can add months in the time it takes to obtain licences and permits.”The province has seen a flourishing of wineries and small craft breweries in recent years, adding impetus to the Liberals’ desire to eliminate the plebiscite practice.Earlier this year, the community of North River, N.S., voted heavily to go “wet.”Similar one-sided victories occurred in Annapolis County’s District 3 and in District 4, according to Elections Nova Scotia results.Follow (at)mtuttoncporg on Twitter.