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Brazilian, Colombian, and Peruvian Navies Conduct Joint Border Operation

first_imgBy Taciana Moury/Diálogo October 18, 2017 The Brazilian, Colombian, and Peruvian navies participated in BRACOLPER 2017, a combined operation on their tri-border in the Amazon region. The operation brought together nearly 400 service members from the three countries with the purpose of raising the level of training, interoperability, and interaction among their river, air, and marine units. “BRACOLPER also helped in the fight against border crime in the region, as well as providing for a strengthening of brotherhood and friendship bonds among the forces,” said Brazilian Navy Captain Pedro Lima Silva Filho, the commander of the Amazonas Fleet. The waters of the Solimões and Negro rivers in Brazil and the Amazon River in Colombia and Peru were used as a ‘stage’ during the exercise, which rolled out in three phases: two operational exercises conducted from July 10th to August 10th and the final exercise, from September 3rd–8th, which involved the participation of ships and service members during Brazil’s Independence Day celebration. Brazil, Colombia, and Peru have been holding BRACOLPER annually since 1947. This was the 43rd edition of the exercise. For Capt. Silva Filho, the operation was a great opportunity to synergistically join the navies of different nations and cultures together to further a shared objective. “These experiential and informational exchanges will help us conduct combined operations in the future using the ships of the forces involved,” he added. Brazilian Navy Commander Luciano Eni da Silva, the chief of the Operations Division at the 9th Naval District Command, noted to Diálogo that the shared problems faced by the nations of the Amazon region can be combated during BRACOLPER. “This operation supplements our defense and it protects Brazil’s interests in the region,” Cmdr. Luciano said. “BRACOLPER is one more opportunity to operate together in a river environment and learn how the navies of our partner nations operate, as well as refreshing ourselves on our regulations and procedures or acquiring new knowledge by observing how the participants operate,” he stressed. Training the service members involved During the period of these operations, several training issues were worked out, according to Cmdr. Silva Filho. “The preparation and timing of our navigational operations on the rivers of the Amazon, in response to asymmetric surface warfare threats, were some of the issues we worked on, as well as firefighting and self-defense capacity-building exercises,” he outlined. One of the planned activities was a transit exercise with an opponent using asymmetric surface warfare. Held on the Amazon River, the training simulated an asymmetric surface attack against the naval units involved and had the objective of evaluating and training the crews on rapid-response procedures. Participating in this operation were the river patrol ships (NPaFlu, per its Portuguese acronym) Pedro Teixeira and Rondônia, the Brazilian Navy hospital ship (NAsH, per its Portuguese acronym) Soares de Meirelles, the ARC Letícia from the Colombian Navy, and the patrol ships Castilla and Clavero from the Peruvian Navy. According to Capt. Silva Filho, the NPaFlu Rondônia was used as a fast-attack craft for the exercise. “The importance of this activity is that it trains the ships’ commands and crews for a real-world situation; for the time when you have to navigate through the Amazon region on stretches of rivers where these threats exist.” Another activity performed during BRACOLPER 2017 was the “Leap Frog” exercise, in which two ships approach each other and remain side-by-side for a 10-minute period. The exercise took place during the crossing between Tabatinga, in the Brazilian state of Amazonas, and Iquitos, in Peru. According to Cmdr. Luciano, the exercise implies transferring water and oil without the ships having to come to a full stop. “For instance, this might be carried out when there is a need to meet a deadline to be at a certain place, or even in a situation when the ships are underway and not allowed to stop,” he explained, adding that this activity involves a high level of risk, considering the winding nature of the river, with constant course changes and variations in the riverbed. During the first two phases of the operation, there were also training exercises on signaling (sending messages using flags in certain positions) and Vertical Replenishment (VERTREP, or cargo transport by aircraft), using a UH-12 helicopter from the Third General Use Helicopter Squadron. Later, in the third phase, the service members participated in a firing exercise in the area of Novo Airão, in Amazonas state. “The objective was to qualify the ships’ operations teams as well as exchange knowledge and experiences among the Brazilian and foreign crews,” Capt. Silva Filho said. Observing Brazil’s Independence Day The closing ceremony for BRACOLPER 2017 took place during Brazil’s Independence Day celebrations on September 7th. Held at the Manaus Convention Center, in the capital of Amazonas state, the parade, according to its organizers, attracted approximately 10,000 people and included the participation of 5,000 active and reserve service members. The Brazilian Navy Group paraded alongside the Colombian Navy and Peruvian Navy groups. The naval parade took place on the western edge of the river zone in Manaus, with five Brazilian ships—four patrol ships and one hospital ship—participating, as well as the Peruvian Navy patrol ship Castilla and the Colombian Navy patrol ship Leticia. Over the course of BRACOLPER, Colombia’s Independence Day on July 20th and Peru’s on July 28th were also celebrated. These military ceremonies were attended by naval representatives from the three nations participating in the operation.last_img read more


Bank Mandiri to assist, provide loans to young entrepreneurs

first_imgState-owned Bank Mandiri is seeking to provide loans and financing to young entrepreneurs from various sectors through its entrepreneurship program in a bid to help boost the country’s economic recovery.Corporate secretary Rully Setiawan said on Wednesday that the publicly listed bank would provide the loans to promising young entrepreneurs from various sectors that participated in this year’s Wirausaha Muda Mandiri (Mandiri Young Entrepreneur) competition.“We’re not only seeking winners for this competition. We are also looking for entrepreneurs that we think have huge potential,” he said during the program’s virtual kick-off. He expressed hope that the loans would not only help the micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) owned by the entrepreneurs to thrive, but also help in supporting national economic recovery efforts amid the pandemic.The Indonesian economy contracted 5.32 percent annually in the second quarter, the worst result since the first quarter of 1999, as pandemic restrictions paralyzed business activity and hit household demand.MSMEs, which account for around 60 percent of Indonesia’s gross domestic product, have been among the hardest-hit businesses during the coronavirus outbreak as demand weakens and bank loans become harder to access.President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo has ordered a Rp 123.47 trillion (US$8.35 billion) stimulus for MSMEs, which includes fund placements in banks to boost working capital loan disbursements, loan interest subsidies and cash transfers for unbanked businesses. Diwangkoro Ratam, Bank Mandiri’s head of corporate social responsibility, said that the Wirausaha Muda Mandiri competition was open for entrepreneurs aged between 18 and 35 years old with businesses from various sectors such as the culinary arts, creative industry, technology, and trade and services.The competition’s business plan category this year will help entrepreneurs realize their ideas for new businesses, which could contribute to the country’s economic recovery.“This year’s competition will also be different because we will provide prizes for 84 winners instead of seven,” he said, adding that the competition would be conducted virtually until Oct. 30 to comply with COVID-19 protocols.Diwangkoro said the prize, amounting to a total of Rp 2 billion, would be given out to both regional and national winners.“We hope that these prizes can help them to develop their businesses so that they can play a part in the national economic recovery,” he said.Topics :last_img read more


Maurizio Sarri dedicates Europa League win to Napoli fans after Chelsea beat Arsenal

first_imgMaurizio Sarri says Chelsea’s Europa League win is also for Napoli’s supporters (EPA)Maurizio Sarri has dedicated Chelsea’s Europa League final victory to Napoli fans following the 4-1 victory over Arsenal in Baku.Sarri has won the first major trophy of his career as his Chelsea side hammered Unai Emery’s men on Wednesday evening.After a goalless first half, Olivier Giroud opened the scoring with an excellent header, while Pedro doubled Chelsea’s lead before Eden Hazard added a third from the penalty spot.Alex Iwobi scored a fine long-range effort to hand Arsenal a lifeline but the Gunners’ hopes were extinguished as Hazard netted his second of the game just three minutes later to complete Chelsea’s 4-1 win.AdvertisementAdvertisementADVERTISEMENTBut speaking after the final whistle, Sarri was keen to pay tribute to his former club after leaving them last summer to join Stamford Bridge.‘I am pleased that Napoli congratulated me, I had no doubts it would happen,’ Sarri told Sky Sport Italia. Comment Chelsea beat Arsenal 4-1 in Baku to lift the trophy (Getty Images)‘The Neapolitans know how much love I have for them and that last year I went abroad to avoid going straight to another Italian club.‘They will always have my love and respect. The profession means at times we might have to take different paths, but that will never change my history or my respect for them. Sarri has won the first major trophy of his career (AP Photo)More: FootballRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starChelsea defender Fikayo Tomori reveals why he made U-turn over transfer deadline day moveMikel Arteta rates Thomas Partey’s chances of making his Arsenal debut vs Man City‘I dedicate this firstly to the Napoli fans, because this is the satisfaction I was unable to give them last year.‘I also dedicate it to those lads in the Chelsea squad who couldn’t play tonight because of injuries.‘I think it’s only right for all of us to have a special thought for them.’More: Arsenal FCArsenal flop Denis Suarez delivers verdict on Thomas Partey and Lucas Torreira movesThomas Partey debut? Ian Wright picks his Arsenal starting XI vs Manchester CityArsene Wenger explains why Mikel Arteta is ‘lucky’ to be managing Arsenal Metro Sport ReporterWednesday 29 May 2019 11:45 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link85Sharescenter_img Advertisement Maurizio Sarri dedicates Europa League win to Napoli fans after Chelsea beat Arsenal Advertisementlast_img read more


The Reality of Late-Term Abortion Procedures

first_imgCharlotte Lozier Institute 2015The Reality of Late-Term Abortion Procedures IntroductionOf interest to the medical, moral, sociological, and political issues surrounding late-term abortion is the question of why women seek abortion after 20 weeks gestation.  Any data considered to answer this question must be examined carefully for limitations.  However, a greater understanding of the reasons why women choose these late-term procedures is valuable to those who seek to offer alternative, compassionate options.The Reality of Late-Term Abortion ProceduresAbortions performed after 20 weeks gestation, when not done by induction of labor (which leads to fetal death due to prematurity), are most commonly performed by dilation and evacuation (D & E) procedures.[1]  These particularly gruesome surgical techniques involve crushing, dismemberment and removal of a fetal body from a woman’s uterus, mere weeks before, or even after, the fetus reaches a developmental age of potential viability outside the mother.[2]  In some cases, especially when the fetus is past the stage of viability, the abortion may involve administration of a lethal injection into the fetal heart in utero to ensure that the fetus is not pulled out alive or with the ability to survive.Late-term abortion is not an exact medical term, but it has been used at times to refer to surgical dilation & evacuation (dismemberment) abortions as well as intact dilation & extraction (partial-birth) abortions performed in the second (13-27 weeks) and third (27-39 weeks) trimesters.  The graphic, unpalatable nature of abortion procedures performed on fetuses of such advanced gestation raises many objections, even among parties who might support abortion at earlier stages.[3] For these reasons, and because of the increased short-term health risks of these procedures for women,[4] numerous states have considered limiting late-term abortion procedures after 20 weeks gestation.[5] The actual number of surgical abortions performed after 20 weeks in the United States cannot be known due to a lack of national reporting.[6] CDC projections, based largely on voluntary state reporting and abortion provider survey data from the Guttmacher Institute, a former affiliate of Planned Parenthood, estimate that roughly 1%, or over 15,000, abortions are performed after 20 weeks annually in the U.S.[7] Thus, advocates of the women and unborn children affected by these procedures take great interest in mitigating the circumstances that drive women to seek late-term abortions.For many years, abortion-rights advocates have asserted that abortions after 20 weeks are performed because of maternal health complications or lethal fetal anomalies discovered late in pregnancy.[8]  However, wider data from both the medical literature and late-term abortion providers indicates that most late-term procedures are not performed for these reasons. Previous survey studies of late-term abortion patients have confirmed that most late-term abortions are performed because of a delay in pregnancy diagnosis and for reasons similar to those given by first-trimester abortion patients:  financial stressors, relationship problems, education concerns or parenting challenges.[9]A recent paper entitled, “Who seeks abortion at or after 20 weeks?” supports these conclusions.[10]  The study, published in Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, a journal of the Guttmacher Institute, marks a notable departure from previous statements by abortion rights advocates that late-term abortions were rarely elective.  Authors Foster and Kimport highlight the characteristics of women seeking abortion at or after 20 weeks gestation.  The authors acknowledge that, in fact, wider “data suggests that most women seeking later terminations are not doing so for reasons of fetal anomaly or life endangerment.”[11] The study explores reasons for delay in seeking abortion services, comparing first-trimester and late-term abortion groups.  While there are numerous limitations to the study, the authors suggest that the characteristics of women who seek both first-trimester and late-term abortions are substantially similar.Who Seeks Late-term Abortion? To explore the characteristics of women who choose abortion after 20 weeks of pregnancy, Foster and Kimport used data from a larger abortion study, currently being conducted at the University of California, San Francisco.  Interview and questionnaire data from over 400 women were gathered from 16 facilities that offer abortion procedures after 20 weeks gestation.   A significant limiting factor of the study is the fact that the authors excluded women who sought abortion for reasons of fetal anomaly or life endangerment, without commenting on how large of a cohort this represented.  Another significant limiting factor of the study is that only 44% of the eligible women participated (eligibility defined as women who obtained an abortion after 20 weeks gestation for reasons other than life endangerment or fetal anomaly), leaving room for significant selection bias.[12]Of the patients interviewed, 272 had received an abortion at or after 20 weeks, while 169 had received a first-trimester abortion.  The authors noted that the sample of participating women was “similar in race and ethnicity, age and parity to [the] population of women who receive abortions nationally.”  Sixty-nine percent of the study participants were non-white.  Women were grouped and compared according to those who had received first-trimester abortions and those who received abortions at or after 20 weeks.  Interviews and questionnaires were completed with all women one week after their abortion procedures.The characteristics of women who sought abortions after 20 weeks were generally similar to those who received first-trimester procedures.  “The two groups did not differ by race or ethnicity, number of live births or abortions, mental or physical health history or substance abuse,” write the study authors.  Nearly identical majorities of women from both groups were unmarried.  Identical majorities from both groups had more than one previous live birth.  Only small minorities of women in both groups reported heavy drinking, recreational drug use or a history of depression. [13]The only statistically significant demographic differences between the first-trimester and late-term abortion recipients were age and employment.  Seventy-five percent of women from both groups were between ages 20 and 34.  However, women ages 20-24 were found more likely than women ages 25-34 to seek late-term abortions.  Unemployed women were more likely to seek late-term abortions than employed women.  However, among those women who sought a late-term abortion, equal numbers were employed and unemployed. Not surprisingly, women who sought later abortions were more likely than their first-trimester counterparts to have discovered their pregnancy after eight weeks.  Yet, a sizeable percentage within the late-term abortion group, nearly 40%, reported that they knew about their pregnancy prior to eight weeks of gestation.[14]The study results also showed that, on average, women who obtained later abortions took twice as long as their first-trimester counterparts to obtain an abortion after discovering they were pregnant.  Among women who received late-term abortions, the average time between pregnancy discovery and obtaining the abortion was over three months (14 weeks).   Women receiving first-trimester abortions averaged a period of seven weeks between the time of pregnancy discovery and the time of their abortion. [15]  The above results raise obvious questions as to why the timetable for obtaining an abortion was so much longer for women choosing late-term abortions.As part of the study, participants were asked questions aimed at identifying possible reasons for delay in obtaining their abortion after discovering their pregnancy.  The answers from both groups suggest that women share similar reasons for delaying abortion regardless of the gestational age at which they have the procedure.  The majority of women in both groups gave at least one reason for delaying their abortion.  Both groups cited the same seven reasons for delaying.  Women in both groups reported “not knowing about the pregnancy,” “trouble deciding about the abortion,” and “disagreeing about the abortion with the man involved” with similar frequency.[16]Among women in the late-term abortion group, the most commonly cited reason for delaying the procedure was “raising money for the procedure and related costs.” Two thirds of women in the late-term abortion group gave this reason, compared with one-third of the women in the first-trimester group.  It is worth noting that the average prices paid by women in the study were $2,014 for a late-term abortion compared to $519 for a first-trimester abortion, suggesting that, paradoxically, delaying for financial reasons required significantly more finances in the end.  Women who received late-term abortions also cited “difficulty securing insurance coverage,” “difficulty getting to the abortion facility,” and “not knowing where to go for an abortion” as delaying reasons more often when compared to the first-trimester group.  However, the two groups gave similar answers when asked how many abortion facilities they contacted before finding one willing to perform their abortion: the first-trimester group called an average of 1.7 facilities and the late-term group called a similar average of 2.2 facilities.[17]ConclusionsAbortion rights advocates have long insisted that late-term abortions are performed only in dire circumstances involving threats to a mother’s life or in cases of severe fetal anomaly.  However, the above study, despite its limitations, suggests otherwise.  The characteristic similarities and delay commonalities observed across first trimester and late-term abortion groups suggest that women who seek abortion share similar characteristics across gestational ages.  The stressful circumstances of unprepared pregnancy, single-motherhood, financial pressure and relationship discord are primary concerns that must be addressed for these women.  However, these circumstances are not fundamentally alleviated or ameliorated by late-term abortion.  Indeed, late-term abortion places these women at greater risk of surgical complications, subsequent preterm birth, and mental health problems, while simultaneously ending the life of an unborn child.[18] As a medical profession and society, we rightly seek alternative, compassionate responses for the women seeking late-term abortion procedures for such challenging yet elective reasons.*To view as PDF: On Point – The Reality of Late-Term Abortion ProceduresElizabeth Ann M. Johnson, M.D. is an Associate Scholar for the Charlotte Lozier Institute. Johnson received her A.B. cum laude from Princeton University in public policy, and her M.D. from the University of Minnesota Medical School. She is currently a fellow in the Program for Human Rights and Health at the University of Minnesota School of Public Health. [1] Dilation and evacuation procedures are used for 96% of abortions performed at >13 weeks gestation in the United States.  Lohr PA, Hayes JL, Gemzell-Danielsson K. Surgical versus medical methods for second trimester induced abortion. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2008; Issue 1, Art. No.: CD006714.[2] The survival of very preterm infants has improved substantially in the past two decades, such that the gestational age at which at least half of very preterm infants survive has decreased to 23 weeks.  Seri I, Evans J. Limits of viability: definition of the gray zone. J Perinatol. 2008;28(Suppl 1):S4–8.[3] A recent study by the Lozier Institute examined gestational limits in 198 countries where abortion is legal; of those countries, only seven, including the United States, permit elective abortion after 20 weeks.[4] Abortions performed after the first trimester have long been recognized to account for a disproportionate amount of abortion-related morbidity and mortality. Similar to other elective surgical or medical procedures, abortion procedures carry inherent risks of infection, bleeding, and damage to other genitourinary and gastrointestinal organs.  They carry additional risks of incomplete emptying of the uterus, cervical laceration, and uterine perforation by the suction cannula or sharp curette. Additionally, abortions performed at later gestations are associated with higher odds of a subsequent preterm birth.See: Lohr et al., 2008; Bartlett LA, Berg CJ, Shulman HB, Zane SB, Green CA, Whitehead S, Atrash HK. Risk factors for legal induced abortion-related mortality in the United States. Obstet Gynecol. 2004; 103(4):729-737; Hammond C, Recent advances in second trimester abortion: an evidence-based review. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2009;200(4):347-356; Diedrich J, Steinauer J. Complications of Surgical Abortion. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2009;52(2):205-212; Shah PS, Zao J. Induced termination of prepregnancy and low birthweight and preterm birth: a systemic review and meta-analysis. Brit J Obstet Gynecol. 2009;116(11):1425-1442.[5] Jones RK, Jerman J. Abortion incidence and service availability in the United States. 2011. Perspectives Sexual Repro Hlth. 2014;46(1):3-14.[6] Thorp JM, Jr. Public Health Impact of Legal Termination of Pregnancy in the US: 40 Years Later. Scientifica. 2012;2012:Article ID 980812, 16 pages.[7] Thorp, 2012; Pazole K, Zane SB, Parker WY, Hall LR, Berg C, Cook DA., Abortion Surveillance—United States, 2008. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2011;60(1):1-41.[8] A fact sheet distributed by the National Abortion Federation during the 1995 debates over partial-birth abortion asked “Why do women seek abortions later in pregnancy?” and answered “Women seeking later abortions do so for very serious reasons. All abortions taking place in the third trimester are for reasons of serious fetal abnormality or a risk to the life of the woman. Many abortions that occur from 18 weeks’ gestation through the end of the second trimester are for this reason as well.”  In 2013, a referendum in Albuquerque, New Mexico was proposed to place a limit of 20 weeks on abortions performed in the city.  In the ensuing debate, advertising produced by NARAL Pro-Choice America featured a woman who chose “termination” due to a “severe fetal anomaly,” a condition stated in the ad to be “primarily” the reason for late abortions.[9] Finer LB, Frohwirth LF, Dauphinee LA, Singh S, Moore AM., Reasons U.S. Women Have Abortions: Quantitative and Qualitative Perspectives. Perspectives Sexual Repro Hlth. 2005;37:110-118; Hammond, 2009[10] Foster DG, Kimport K, Who Seeks Abortions at or After 20 Weeks?  Perspectives Sexual Repro Hlth. 2013;45:210–218.[11] Foster and Kimport, 2013.[12] Foster and Kimport, 2013[13] Foster and Kimport, 2013[14] Foster and Kimport, 2013[15] Foster and Kimport, 2013[16] Foster and Kimport, 2013[17] Foster and Kimport, 2013[18] Thorp, 2012.last_img read more


Free Agency

first_imgWhat is expected to be a wild off-season in baseball has already begun. Two of the early deals show how some of the teams are thinking.  The Phillies got Howie Kendrick from the Dodgers for Darin Ruf. The Dodgers were willing to give up Kendrick because of his age.Just to prove that the older players still have value, the Atlanta Braves shelled out 12.5 million to get Bartolo Colon from the Mets.  What is so unbelievable about this is that Colon is 43 years old.  If a 43-year old is worth 12.5 million, what do you think Chapman will get as a free agent of the Cubs?last_img read more


Lagos Exposes Students to Basic GymnasticsÂ

first_img“Those identified athletes will be further groomed through our regular camping programme we are planning for weekends and vacation period.”The Gymnastics Open Day involved students in Education District 3 that comprises secondary schools from Lagos Island, Eti-Osa, Ikoyi and its environs and District 4 that include schools from Surulere, Yaba, Somolu among others.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegram About 300 students drawn from public secondary schools in Lagos State took part in the Gymnastics Open Day at the Mobolaji Johnson Sports Complex, Rowe Park, Yaba, last weekend.The training programme, facilitated by the Lagos State Sports Commission, was an opportunity for technical officers of Lagos State Gymnastics Association to expose the students to the rudiments of the game.  During the two-day event, the participants were taught various gymnastics basics which include floor exercise, vaulting nut, balance bim, parallel bar, pummel horse and bouncing on the tarpaulin.Chief Coach of the association, John Abiodun Oyewuwo, said the beauty of the “Open Day” was that it was coming once again after 22 years a programme like this was held in Lagos. “The students were young and they responded to what we taught them.  We have about 300 students.  We were able to carefully select 107 who distinguished themselves. These 107 would form the bulk of young gymnasts that will be further groomed. Lagos State has the best equipment for gymnastics in Nigeria,  and I’m happy that we are catching them young now,” Oyewuwo said.For the Chairman of Lagos State Sports Commission, Dr. Kweku Tandoh noted, “The Open Day was one of the talent identification platforms approved by the Governor of Lagos State, Mr Akinwunmi Ambode, for us to develop schools sports and to introduce sports to all schools in the state. It’s stepping stone to groom future stars for the country. The plan is to make Lagos State a production ground for the grooming of young and talented athletes for Nigeria.last_img read more