A community of chimps in West Africa is partial to the occasional alcoholic beverage. There are “behavioral signs of inebriation (intoxication, excitement),” note researchers, according to The Guardian.In Bossou in southeast Guinea, villagers tap into the trunks of raffia palms to drain off the sap into plastic containers fitted to the trees. These sugary fluid ferments, result in a lightly alcoholic “palm wine” that is collected and consumed. But when the humans are away, the local chimps will occasionally come in for a tipple, using leaves to scoop up tasters of the beverage. “When I first observed the behavior it immediately sparked my interest,” says Kimberley Hockings, a behavioral ecologist at Oxford Brookes University in the UK. But as she’d only seen the chimps sampling the palm wine on a few occasions, she approached others who’ve worked on this community over the past 20 years and got them to dig into their notebooks for similar records. The result is a collaborative paper published today in the Royal Society’s open-access journal Open Science based on 51 wine-drinking events.With an average ethanol content of three percent, the palm wine is of similar strength to a weak beer. “When the sap is fresh, it’s quite sweet and tastes very pleasant,” says Hockings. But it ferments very quickly. “After 24 hours it turns very acidic and vinegary and from my perspective is undrinkable,” she says. The strongest sample collected by the researchers came in at almost 7 percent alcohol by volume, which would presumably pack quite a punch for an animal that’s half the size of a human. Hockings and her colleagues estimate that the leafy receptacles probably convey between 10 and 50 ml at a time and the chimps make a dip every 6 or 7 seconds. So in a swift session of about minute, a chimp would consume around 100 ml of palm wine or 3 ml of ethanol. But the longest recorded binge lasted more than 30 minutes, during which time the chimp might have taken on as much as 3 liters of wine and 90 ml of ethanol. Even by the most excessive of human standards, this is a serious bender. Combing through the supplemental data, I notice that it was this same chimp – a male known affectionately as FF – that was responsible for approximately one-third of the 51 drinking events. I asked Hockings if he might have a drink problem, but she is careful not to cast aspersions. “I don’t think it’s an addiction, as he drinks it rarely,” she says. “But, anecdotally, he always drinks palm wine when it is available and is often the first to climb the raffia.”In the discussion to the paper, Hockings and her colleagues touch on what everyone will be wondering. “Some of the chimpanzees at Bossou consumed significant quantities of ethanol and displayed behavioral signs of inebriation,” they write. When I read this, I pictured a whole load of debauched chimps, slurring their pant-hoots and tumbling out of trees, but Hockings’ stories are disappointingly sober. On one occasion, she saw several chimps conclude a drinking session by having a rest. On another, an adult male was not his usual self after a drink. “Whilst other chimpanzees were making and settling into their night nests, he spent an additional hour moving from tree to tree in an agitated manner,” she says.All of this is more than just a description of a few wayward animals. The occasional boozing of Bossou chimps supports molecular evidence that the ability to metabolize alcohol appeared in the common ancestor of humans and chimps about 10 million years ago. So chimps have a grasp of cooking and can drink quite considerable quantities of alcohol. “What chimp-based surprise will I be writing about next week, I wonder?” Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
Plans for a topless swim by Donegal women as part of a cancer fundraiser have caught the imagination with more than 200 brave souls already signed up.The swim, which will take place at a secret location in Inishowen, will take place in August.When Greencastle woman Mary McLaughlin contacted her friend Katrina Doherty about organising a female only topless swim to raise money for breast cancer services, a light bulb went off in her head. “It was just the right time for me,” said Moville mum Katrina.Having survived breast cancer herself after being diagnosed four years ago, Katrina had previously signed up for a full ‘Strip and Dip’ in County Wicklow but had backed out at the last minute.“I wasn’t in the right place for doing it but when Mary rang me and suggested us doing a ‘half strip and dip’ it just clicked and everything fell into place,” explained Katrina.The ‘Half Strip and Dip’ will see local women bravely strip off, from the waist up only, and take a quick dip at a beach in an extremely secret location within Inishowen later this month, all in a bid to raise money for breast cancer services in the county. Mary said she felt the ‘Half Strip and Dip’ might make women feel more comfortable going topless rather than a full strip.Donegal Hospice nurse Mary explained that she got inspiration for the fundraiser through her friend Sharon, who also works in the Donegal Hospice and was diagnosed with breast cancer.“We were all so shocked when Sharon was diagnosed – she didn’t have any of the usual symptoms and is a young mum of four,” said Mary.“She has had her treatment and a double mastectomy and is back at work. In Hospice we are surrounded by sickness and death but there is life after cancer and it can be very hard to settle back in.”With that in mind, Mary and Katrina have targeted three different groups to back with their fundraising. The Breast Cancer Centre in Letterkenny, Cancer Care West – which provides support to cancer survivors and the Breast Cancer Ireland Schools Outreach Programme.“Cancer Care West is so important – five, ten or twenty years after having cancer you can call into them and they will be there to talk. You might just want to talk or have some reflexology – but they are there,” said Mary.“My friend Sharon said it was nearly as hard getting on with life after finishing her treatment as it was going through the treatment.”‘Go and live your life’ Katrina explained the after care with cancer patients is vital.“In 2015 when I was diagnosed there was no Cancer Care West. When I was diagnosed in September 2015 I immediately had a team around me telling me what to do and what would happen, but after it’s just like ‘go on live your life’. They just have to get on with the next patient.“Letterkenny are very good at looking after the physical side of your health and I receive check ups and mammograms every six months, but there is a lack of support. You would never think it would be hard to go back to normal or go back to how things were before cancer but you can’t,” she said.“You are totally different after having cancer – you don’t stress about the trivial things and the simple things can feel overwhelming at times. Life will never be the same again.”Scoil Mhuire teacher Katrina said she returned to work just eight months after her diagnosis.“I received my diagnosis in September 2015 and went back to work the following May just a couple of days at the end of the term but I went back full-time in September 2016 and that was really really tough,” explained Katrina.“I didn’t have chemo, I had a lumpectomy and radiation in St. Luke’s in Dublin but I’m still on medication that essentially blocks my hormones. I have a lot of side effects – some people don’t but I do – it’s essentially like the menopause. It can be challenging.“After going back to work full-time I changed and did job share for two years but I intend to go back full-time in September so we’ll see how it goes.”Back to schoolHowever teacher Katrina has a great relationship with her colleagues and the students in the Buncrana secondary school.“When I went back the principal asked me if I wanted to tell the students or talk to them and I was so happy to that. The students all know I had cancer and I would talk to them openly about it. I’m always there too if they need to talk, or if a family member is going through something similar,” she said.And it was Katrina’s positive experience at school that encouraged the ladies to donate some of the hard earned fundraising money to a the Breast Cancer Ireland Schools Outreach Programme.“I had never heard of this, but after I went back, one of the other teachers Denise Dowds, asked me about bringing these people in. We did the talk with all the girls in TY, 5th and 6th year. The co-ordinator was great. She had been diagnosed herself four years ago and was able to tell the girls what to look out for and taught them how to check themselves and be breast aware.“There was also a practical demonstration with a dummy so that was great – Rachel the co-ordinator was able to show them the difference between a lump and a dimple. It is a great programme so we knew we wanted to support them in whatever way we could.”Mary says Moville Community College and Carn Community School also now plan to run similar programmes for the young ladies in their schools.“We think education is key, teaching young women and encouraging them to be breast aware is so important,” she added.“Even to raise awareness that programmes like this exist for young people is great. We just want to raise as much money as possible doing this.” Up to 200 women signed up alreadyBoth Mary and Katrina have been overwhelmed with the amount of support they have received for the ‘Half Strip and Dip’ but with it not taking place until August there is plenty of time for other women to join them.“We have almost 200 fundraising cards out already so we’re hoping that maybe we’ll have a few more. This is literally for everyone, well as long as you are over 18,” said Mary.“My mum is 70 and she is doing it and she can’t understand why more older women aren’t taking part- I am so proud of her – she even said it to people at the bingo.“This will literally be as quick or as long as a dip as you want it to be and I think everyone will be focussed on themselves to look around them so hopefully more women sign up. Cancer is everywhere, it touches everyone – we all have our reasons for doing it – I’m doing it for friend Sharon and Katrina is doing it because she had cancer.But for Katrina she knows it will be an emotional affair.“I just know I’ll start crying. I think when you go through something that you have no control over this will allow to take back control – it will be empowering. But for me it will definitely be emotional.”With women coming from Carn, Buncrana, Ramelton, Moville, Greencastle, Letterkenny and further a field, friends Katrina and Mary hope the ‘Strip and Dip’ can act as a support group for people with cancer or survivors.“There used to be a support group in Inishowen but that’s gone now. Maybe when we are all together we can use this as opportunity to meet people and start our own form of a support group.”Fundraising cards are currently with the women who are taking part in the ‘Half Strip and Dip’ and each line costs €10. Separate fundraising cards and buckets are available locally in shops in Moville and in the 17 Healthwise stores across the county.For further information or to take part you can contact Katrina on 087-207-7939 or Mary on 086 -393-1043.Over 200 women sign up for topless swim at secret location for cancer fundraiser was last modified: August 1st, 2019 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:cancercharityInishowentopless
Karina Zumbrun scored one goal and assisted on the other and the Arcata Tigers shutout Fortuna 2-0 in the semifinal round of the North Coast Section Division-I playoffs, Wednesday night at Fortuna High.No. 3 Arcata (15-7-1) had fallen to No. 2 Fortuna (14-6-1) four of its previous matches against the Huskies. None of that mattered on Wednesday night as Arcata won where it mattered most and punched a ticket to the NCS D-I championship round where they will face undefeated No. 1 Eureka (18-0) …
7 August 2008American industrial company Wabtec Corporation is expanding its presence in South Africa by establishing joint ventures to manufacture, supply and service its products in the region.The Wilmerding, Pennsylvania-based Wabtec Corporation is a global provider of value-added, technology-based products and services for the rail industry, manufacturing a range of products for locomotives, freight cars and passenger transit vehicles through its subsidiaries.It also builds new switcher and commuter locomotives and provides aftermarket services, and has been operating in African markets for several years.“By establishing a local presence in South Africa, we are making a commitment to expand our production and service capabilities in this growing market,” Wabtec chief executive Albert Neupaver said in a statement this week.The company has created Wabtec South Africa and FIP Brakes South Africa, both based in Kempton Park, to the east of Johannesburg, to boost its manufacturing presence in the region.To ensure that the company’s local operations are compliant with broad-based black economic empowerment requirements, it has selected a local company, Sibanye Brakes, as the minority partner in both the new operations.Wabtec South Africa will manufacture, assemble and service Wabtec products in the region, including locomotive and freight car braking equipment, draft gears, transit equipment and electronics.“The unit will also provide installation of Wabtec’s electronically controlled pneumatic braking equipment on locomotives and freight cars for Transnet Freight Rail, the state-owned railway in South Africa,” the company added.FIP Brakes South Africa will manufacture friction products and provide customers with access to worldwide technological and research capabilities, through Wabtec’s other friction operations in the US, Europe, Australia and India.“We believe customers will benefit from faster response time and direct access to all of Wabtec’s products and services,” Neupaver said.SAinfo reporter Would you like to use this article in your publicationor on your website?See: Using SAinfo material
The verdictNow that I’ve used these covers on over a dozen test outs, I’ve decided that while not perfect, they are quite good, and I’m happy I gave them a shot. I’ve heard rumors that they are working on an improved hook and maybe even a special cover to connect the duct fan to so we can stop climbing ladders altogether. Not sure when that day will come, but I am definitely looking forward to it. Time to investI had seen a few different reusable duct covers over the years that claimed to save time and tape, but until recently, I wasn’t doing enough volume to justify buying them. But with some steady work doing Georgia energy code compliance testing for builders, my creaky old knees were starting to complain. RELATED ARTICLES Simple Methods for Measuring Air FlowDuct Leakage TestingHow to Track Down Leaks in Forced-Air DuctworkNew Green Building Products: Vent Cap Systems Some days I like my work, and some days I don’t, but I guess that’s just the way the world is. This love/hate relationship really rears its ugly head when I have to go out and do blower door and Duct Blaster testing on homes. It’s not one of my favorite things to do, but if the weather’s nice and the drive’s not to far, it can end up being a good, and reasonably profitable, day.But no matter how good things are, climbing up and down ladders to mask ducts with that annoying sticky tape ends up being pretty unpleasant. When carrying a stepladder around to 15 or 20 (or more) registers, climbing up and applying duct mask to them, I am not inclined to sing “My Favorite Things.” Walking the exhibit hall at the recent ACI conference, I ran across Vent Cap Systems, a company selling recycled polypropylene covers for grilles and registers. The covers include an attachment for a roller extension that, they claimed, allows you to both install and remove their caps from the floor.Being assured that I could return them if I was dissatisfied, I broke down and ordered a set of 20 covers, hoping that they would arrive before my next set of homes to be tested. Unfortunately, they didn’t, but I was able to use them a few weeks later on my next test outs. How they workEach vent cover is a box, roughly the size of an average HVAC register with a thick foam gasket covering the edge that pushes against the ceiling. There is a string running through a spring-loaded fastener (not unlike one you see on some raincoats or athletic shorts drawstrings), connected to a small plastic hook.You use their RAT (Remote Attachment Tool) to push the hook up into the register, using it again to depress the ball at the end of the spring and push the cover up against the registers while you hold the string. I’d estimate that about 80% of the time the hook goes into the register slot easily and stays. The other 20% of the time involves trying again, usually accompanied by a little swearing and sweating. After you install the covers, you do your duct test, then go around and use the RAT again to depress the ball, and let the cover drop into your hands. Then you use the RAT yet again to snag the hook out of the register, about another 80% shot on the first try.One nice little feature they have is a pressure tube tap on one of the covers. You attach the hose to the tap, put the cover up and you are ready to attach it to the reference side of your pressure gauge.