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Darwin Follies and Fallacies, Part One

first_imgYou can’t say something “evolved to” do something useful. That’s a profound misunderstanding of Darwinism. Evolutionists keep saying it anyway.No progress will be made in the creation-evolution debate without clarity of terms and concepts. Dr. Michael Flannery, historian, provided some much-needed clarity about the nature of Darwinian evolution in a book review about Darwin’s Dice by Curtis Johnson which explains the role of chance in Darwin’s theory. Evolution News quotes part of Flannery’s review:Johnson has meticulously examined the role of chance in Darwinian evolution and produced a superlative study. By dissecting the mass of Darwin’s writings back to his earliest notebooks, Johnson has concluded that “‘Darwinism’ had a single meaning . . . from beginning to end” (xii) and that chance formed the leitmotif of his thought from his Notebooks B and C commenced in July of 1837 to his death in April of 1882. … Darwin had to choose between a designed world or a world of chance; he chose the latter and adopted a variety strategies aimed a concealing this atheistic proposition.Focusing on chance allows Darwinian evolution to come into much sharper metaphysical focus. Johnson’s assertion that Darwin’s departure from Christianity was early and abrupt may be uncomfortable to some, but his detailed and exhaustive analysis makes it hard to argue against the fact that Darwin’s “chance-governed world seems tantamount to a godless world” (xviii). As such, Johnson’s bold and clearly argued thesis makes for an important addition to our understanding of the man and his theory.As we often state, chance is equivalent to the Stuff Happens Law: the antithesis of scientific explanation. One cannot escape the primacy of chance in Darwinism. Any insertion of teleology (goal-directed activity) abandons Darwin’s core principle and violates his goal to do away with goals (note the self-refuting fallacy in that).Something about Big Science and Big Media won’t let this picture through to the public. Either willingly or unwittingly, they personify natural selection as a strategic creative force, whitewashing Darwinism into a nicer-looking picture and deceiving the public about the aimless nature of evolution. Watch them:Fish security: You know a fallacy is coming when Science Daily says, “Fish evolve by playing it safe.” Watch for the phrase evolve to. It’s a tipoff that someone is inserting teleology into Darwin’s chance philosophy. Teleology makes sense for non-Darwinians who believe fish come pre-programmed with security mechanisms to face previously-unencountered threats. But to think that fish can take evolution into their own fins for a purpose commits the personification fallacy. Chance could not care less what happens. We’re told that “fish can evolve to be more cautious and stay away from fishing nets.” The evolutionists want to “find out under what conditions marine reserves might push fish to evolve to escape capture.” The more fishing pressure is applied, “the faster the fish would evolve to stay in the protected space.”Tetrapod tactics: Do you know why fish invaded the land? They saw a cornucopia of free lunches up there, and evolved whatever it took to reach them. Isn’t that the essence of this story in NASA’s Astrobiology Magazine with its suggestive artwork of Shubin’s Tiktaalik fish-a-pod?A provocative new Northwestern University and Claremont McKenna, Scripps and Pitzer colleges study suggests it was the power of the eyes and not the limbs that first led our ancient aquatic ancestors to make the momentous leap from water to land. Crocodile-like animals first saw easy meals on land and then evolved limbs that enabled them to get there, the researchers argue.It’s provocative, all right. It should provoke outrage against just-so storytelling by those who respect science. “We found a huge increase in visual capability in vertebrates just before the transition from water to land. Our hypothesis is that maybe it was seeing an unexploited cornucopia of food on land — millipedes, centipedes, spiders and more — that drove evolution to come up with limbs from fins,” said Malcolm MacIver of Northwestern University, who should be arrested for impersonating a scientist (see 9/30/07 commentary). For more provocation, consider that the prestigious National Academy of Sciences published this “Buena Vista” hypothesis in PNAS. David Klinghoffer had some interesting remarks about the Disney Studios reference in Evolution News and Science Today, agreeing that the story is “dripping with teleology.”Military plant: One usually thinks of national leaders engaging in an arms race, but to evolutionists, brainless plants are capable of that foreign policy. In “Surprise: Transport proteins evolved long before their compounds emerged,” Science Daily tells how evolutionists at the University of Copenhagen were surprised by the forethought of plants.As in an arms race plants constantly develop new toxic compounds to protect themselves against herbivores and diseases — and as in war, mobility is important. Therefore, plants evolved transport proteins to efficiently and timely concentrate toxic defense compounds where they are needed the most.“It’s an exciting discovery because it’s often assumed that evolution is guided by what gives the organism an advantage. Why then were these transporters maintained during evolution when the compounds they move had not yet emerged?” says Associate Professor Hussam Nour-Eldin.Snails: Science Daily tells about researchers who “investigate the evolution of these proteins as a strategy to adapt the gastropodes [sic] to their new habitats — land snails have developed from marine species, and had to find novel strategies to cope with the higher loadings of heavy metals in the soil.” They didn’t have to do any such thing. Evolution is dumb and blind, incapable of strategizing. If all the snails died, evolution wouldn’t (and couldn’t) care. Stuff happens.Cows and cuds: Phys.org deigns to tell its readers “How chewing like a cow helped early mammals thrive.” A Darwin Party inductee at the University of Chicago has learned his lessons well. He “proposes that mammal teeth, jaw bones and muscles evolved to produce side-to-side motions of the jaw, or yaw, that allowed our earliest ancestors to grind food with their molars and eat a more diversified diet.” Parents know better than scientists that you can “allow” a teen-ager to eat a more diversified diet and he won’t do it. Allowing chance to evolve teeth is even more ridiculous.Humans: Read with astonishment how Roger S. Seymour proposes to explain “How our species got smarter: through a rush of blood to the head” (The Conversation). If this were a law of nature, every animal stooping to drink water should suddenly get smarter. Scientists could test this hypothesis: inject blood into the heads of mice to see if they get through mazes faster, or hold students upside down to see if they learn calculus better.Walk this way: Another way evolutionists distract attention away from Darwin’s chance world is to simply assert that stuff evolved instead of demonstrating how it evolved. Phys.org illustrates this escape mechanism by repeating the phrase “the evolution of bipedalism” three times. The prefix ‘the evolution of‘ is used here the same way certain people have shifted attention away from their own personal responsibility onto ‘the demon of‘ alcohol, sexual addiction, or laziness. Remarkably, these evolutionists multiply their miracles of chance by claiming that the skull and the legs evolved together, a “gloss unwarranted by the findings” according to Jonathan Witt (ENST). To appreciate just how complicated the changes must have been to enable upright walking and running, recall Daniel Lieberman’s list of body adaptations for endurance running from the 11/18/04 entry, “The Evolution of Marathon Man.”Placenta: Evolutionists writing for The Conversation seem particularly gifted at this fallacy. Why did the placenta evolve in mammals? Oliver Griffith says, “females evolved to hold their eggs inside the uterus until embryonic development was complete.” Again, “Placental structures have evolved to support pregnancy in most organisms that give birth to live young,” he says, compounding the error. And then the real whopper comes: “It’s a complex organ that has evolved many times independently.” Really? How many times? “more than 100 independent origins across the animal kingdom.” Let’s be clear: 100 natural miracles are a lot more improbable than one natural miracle.Beetle bailywick: Science Daily talks about “Convergent con artists,” hinting that a favorite theory rescue device of Darwinians is pending— convergent evolution. “How rove beetles keep evolving into army ant parasites.” Let’s count the personification and teleological fallacies:parasitic beetles engaged in a game of deceptionthese beetles aroseevolution has the capacity to repeat itself in an astonishingly predictable waya new and really stunning system of convergent evolutionan elaborate symbiosis, which has evolved in a stereotyped wayexceptional … that this convergent system is evolutionarily ancient“The tape of life has been extremely predictable whenever rove beetles and army ants have come together,” says Parker. “It begs the question: why has evolution followed this path so many times?”the beetles’ most recent common ancestor was an army ant doppelganger, it probably possessed traits that would allow its descendants to readily evolve into army ant parasites.They presented this huge niche for exploitation that these beetles were equipped to exploit, and they did so multiple times in parallel.many questions about how this convergent system aroseHow predictable has molecular evolution been in each of these convergent beetle lineages?We need to know how they live, how they evolved, and what role they playNone of these phrases make any sense in Darwin’s chance worldview. To see why, substitute “Stuff Happens” for evolution, as in #3, stuff has the capacity to happen repeatedly, #6, exceptional that stuff happened a long time ago, or #12: We need to know how they live, how stuff happens, and what place in nowhere stuff lands. If beetles were designed to adapt, that’s something entirely different.Climate chauffeur: Three principles of baloney detecting need to be understood aforehand: (1) Couching a fallacy in jargon protects it only from the uninformed. (2) Publishing folly in a respected journal does not sanctify it. (30) There’s no safety in numbers. In Science Magazine, no less than 20 evolutionists try to prove that climate drives evolutionary adaptation. But “climate-driven selection” can only drive animals to extinction, not to creativity. There’s nothing about the weather that can force a mutation to occur on cue to produce a coat. There’s nothing about rain that can produce an umbrella. Only if the animal had embedded code programmed to adapt could that happen. To ascribe this power to Darwinian selection is like saying “climate drives computers to generate new programs by mistake.”Notice how they couch their belief that chance is creative and goal-driven in obfuscatory language: “Although some species may migrate and undergo range shifts to avoid climate-induced declines and potential extinction, an alternative outcome is adaptive evolution in response to selection imposed by climate.” This language embeds creativity into the phrase “adaptive evolution” – the very thing they need to prove. They are fully aware that extinction is a likely outcome of climate change:Whether climate-selection coupling will lead to local adaptation and reduce the risk of extinction is difficult to predict because adaptive evolution also depends on genetic variation in the traits under selection. Moreover, if selection is strong relative to existing genetic variation, and if the rate of climate change is rapid, selection might result in population extinction rather than evolutionary rescue through adaptive evolution. Therefore, phenotypic plasticity might also have a key role in promoting population persistence due to climate change.Did you catch the personification? Who plays a “key role”? When we think of roles, we think of actors on a stage, or other intelligent agents that have a purpose of working together to accomplish a feat or solve a problem. Remember that chance is the essence of Darwin’s philosophy. Chance applies not just to mutations, but also to natural selection (see 10/03/15). It also applies to the climate and everything else in the environment: none of it has a goal of coaxing organisms to evolve something adaptive. In short, everything in their equation reduces to chance. Stuff happens! There is no law of nature that can be measured and expressed mathematically here. The 20 authors use Jargonwocky to obscure the fact that they are confabulating in Darwinese to hide their reliance on the Stuff Happens Law, leaving them to prove “adaptation” by assertion, not by demonstration:climate-selection coupling – complete balderdash, like saying ‘chance-goal coupling’local adaptation – embeds the assumption that Darwinism is creativeadaptive evolution – the problem, not the solutionselection is strong – most likely, it will strongly favor extinction. Selection is not creative.evolutionary rescue – a clear personification fallacyphenotypic plasticity – a completely vacuous term in Darwinese, masquerading as some profound truthIn all ten cases described above, the assumption that evolution is capable of creating wonders on demand drives the fallacious reasoning. If Darwinians were forced to strip out all teleological language and refer to chance alone in their hypotheses, Darwinian theory would evaporate in a puff of smoke. Science is supposed to explain, not wave hands and say, “Stuff Happens.”We’re not done yet. There’s more. Sometimes to get evolutionists’ attention, you have to rub it in.(Visited 240 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more


James returns, Cavaliers debut new starting lineup

first_imgBrace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Nonong Araneta re-elected as PFF president Frontrow holds fun run to raise funds for young cancer patients  Dwyane Wade of the Cleveland Cavaliers talks with LeBron James while playing the Chicago Bulls during a pre season game at Quicken Loans Arena on October 10, 2017 in Cleveland, Ohio. Gregory Shamus/Getty Images/AFPThe King has returned.LeBron James made his preseason debut Tuesday after missing Cleveland’s first three games with a sprained left ankle. He scored 17 points, but also had eight turnovers in the 108-94 loss to the Chicago Bulls.ADVERTISEMENT Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Anthony, Jackson gone, but Knicks’ losing likely to continue LATEST STORIES Fire hits houses in Mandaluyong City Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles01:48NBA: Kawhi, George seek more for Clippers than beating Lakers00:50Trending Articles01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. BSP sees higher prices in November, but expects stronger peso, low rice costs to put up fight PISTONS: Langston Galloway scored 16 off the bench and Andre Drummond finished with 14 points and 11 points. Detroit’s starters shot just 13 for 39 (33.3 percent) from the floor.RAPTORS: Jonas Valanciunas scored 18 and grabbed 11 rebounds in the victory. Serge Ibaka added 14 and DeMar DeRozan chipped in 13.PACERS 108, MACCABI HAIFA 89Newly acquired Victor Oladipo did a little bit of everything for the Pacers as he scored 18, grabbed five rebounds, handed out four assists and had five steals.Former Atlanta Hawk Josh Smith scored 16 and pulled down seven rebounds in the loss.HAIFA: The NBA exhibition tour continued for Maccabi. Angel Rodriguez scored 15 and Oz Blayzer and Samardo Samuels added 14 apiece. Haifa actually outscored the Pacers 56-47 in the second and third quarters combined.PACERS: Darren Collison scored 15 as Indiana navigates a world without Paul George. Bojan Bogdanovic scored 13 and Myles Turner and Domantas Sabonis each scored 12 in the win.UP NEXT: The Pacers (3-1) open the regular season by hosting the Nets on Oct. 18. Maccabi Haifa (0-2) travels to face the Trail Blazers on Friday. MOST READ Love and Wade were a combined 2 for 19 Tuesday.“I don’t think we’ll be the team we want to be in a week,” James said. “It’s going to be for the whole season. We’re going to have changes, we’re going to make changes, we’re going to become a better team as the games go on. So, the team opening night will not be the team that we know we can be.”RAPTORS 116, PISTONS 94The Raptors never trailed as newcomer CJ Miles scored 19 points off the bench, including a 5-for-8 effort from 3-point range.Ish Smith led the Pistons with a game-high 22 points off the bench as the starting five struggled.ADVERTISEMENT Read Next It was the first chance for James to play with close friend and former Miami Heat teammate Dwyane Wade as the Cavaliers showed off their new starting lineup. Cavs coach Tyronn Lue brought out his new starting group for the first time now that James is back. He was joined by Wade, Kevin Love and newcomers Derrick Rose and Jae Crowder. Lue announced the lineup, which includes three former MVPs on Monday. James and Rose have won regular-season MVPs and Wade was the 2006 Finals MVP.Rose finished with 13 points and Iman Shumpert added 12.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“Tonight, I was off. I could feel it,” James said. “It’s just my first action since the Finals and my timing was a little off and turnovers, I think, just trickled down to everybody. So, I made everyone’s timing off.”The starting five was expectedly rusty with the group having spent little time together. Wade was just bought out by the Bulls on Sept. 24. Crowder and Isaiah Thomas went to Cleveland as part of the Kyrie Irving trade on Aug. 30. And Love was just recently informed that he’d be moving to center with the unit from power forward. LOOK: Loisa Andalio, Ronnie Alonte unwind in Amanpulo for 3rd anniversary Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa View commentslast_img read more


Denmark Open: B Sai Praneeth crashes out, Kidambi Srikanth to face Lin Dan

first_imgB Sai Praneeth crashed out of the Denmark Open on Wednesday after suffering a 21-12 14-21 15- 21 against Huang Yuxiang of China.Ranked 26th in the world, Praneeth surrendered to his Chinese opponent in 57 minutes after strong start.In the women’s doubles, it was curtains for Meghanna Jakkampudi and S Ram Poorvisha, who lost 17-21 11-21 to the Swedish combination of Emma Karlsson and Johanna Magnusson.But the pair of Ashwini Ponappa and N Sikki Reddy moved to the second round of women’s doubles with an easy 21-7 21-11 win over the American team of Ariel Lee and Sydney Lee.In men’s doubles a day earlier, Manu Attri and Sumeeth Reddy fought hard against local hope Kim Astrup and Anders Skaarup Rasmussen but fell short 23-25, 21-18, 16-21 in an hour and seven minutes to crash out of the tournament.Satwik and Ashwini could not match up to the South Korea pair of Seung Jae Seo and Yu Jung Chae and lost 17-21, 18-21 in just 35 minutes.Sameer Verma took just 44 minutes to defeat Yuqi 21-17, 21-18 to set up a pre-quarters meet with Asian Games champion Jonatan Christie of Indonesia. Christie earlier beat Hong Kong’s Wong Wing Ki Vincent 17-21, 21-18, 21-13 in an hour and five minutes.READ – Kidambi Srikanth gets routine win, Sameer Verma upsets third seedKidambi Srikanth got the better of local hope Hans-Kristian Solberg Vittinghus 21-16 21-10 in just 35 minutes.The world number six Srikanth will face the legendary Lin Dan in the second round on Thursday. Lin Dan, on the other hand, defeated Thailand’s Kantaphon Wangcharoen 21-13, 14-21, 21-7 in a little over an hour.advertisementSrikanth has lost three of his four matches against Dan but the Chinese great is not the force he once was. The former world number one is now placed 14th in the international rankings.READ – PV Sindhu ousted in first round, Saina Nehwal survives scareThe last time Srikanth beat Dan was in 2014 at the China Open.If Srikanth manages to get past Dan and Sameer overcomes Christie, it will be an all-Indian quarterfinal in the bottom half of the men’s singles draw.(With inputs from PTI)last_img read more


a month ago​Liverpool forward Salah had award votes voided because of capital letters

first_img​Liverpool forward Salah had award votes voided because of capital lettersby Ian Ferrisa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveTwo votes for Mohamed Salah in the Best Fifa men’s player award were not counted because signatures were in capital letters, says Fifa.The Egyptian Football Association (EFA) said acting Egypt coach Shawky Gharib and captain Ahmed Elmohamady voted for Liverpool forward Salah.Fifa said: “The signatures on the voting forms were in capital letters and thus seemed not valid.”The forms also lacked a mandatory signature by the EFA general secretary.Barcelona’s Lionel Messi won the award on Monday ahead of Juventus forward Cristiano Ronaldo and Liverpool defender Virgil van Dijk. TagsPremiership NewsAbout the authorIan FerrisShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more


15 days agoLiverpool forward Firmino on target for Brazil in Senegal draw

first_imgAbout the authorFreddie TaylorShare the loveHave your say Liverpool forward Firmino on target for Brazil in Senegal drawby Freddie Taylor15 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveRoberto Firmino was on target for Brazil in Thursday’s 1-1 draw with Senegal in Singapore.The Liverpool striker opened the scoring after just eight minutes when he latched onto a pass from Manchester City rival Gabriel Jesus before chipping the ball past Alfred Gomis from close range.Senegal levelled with a penalty by Bristol City’s Famara Diedhiou on the stroke of half-time.Neymar made his 100th appearance for Selecao, becoming just the seventh man to do so.Firmino’s Liverpool teammate Sadio Mane also featured and nearly scored the winner for his country with five minutes remaining. last_img read more


Moeller deserves better fate

There are a lot of things that make you wonder in life. Why is the sky blue? Why is the grass green? Why do the Kardashians have their own television show? But the “whyism” I often ask to no one in particular is why so often bad things happen to good people. Like Tyler Moeller. I saw Moeller play in high school a few times. He played for Colerain, a Cincinnati public school powerhouse that is routinely one of the top 25 high school programs in the country. After helping lead the Cardinals to the 2004 Division I state title in his junior season, Moeller was named 2005 Ohio Division I Defensive Player of the Year as a senior. In his senior season for Colerain, Moeller recorded an impressive 123 tackles, 15.5 sacks and 29 tackles for loss on a defense stacked with Division I recruits. Moeller seemingly always knew where the play was going before the snap. More often than not he was the first defender to reach the ball-carrier. If you didn’t see Moeller make the tackle, you could hear the sound of his shoulder pads laying into the offensive player’s chest. After redshirting and paying his dues on the special teams for his first three seasons in Columbus, Moeller was set to start at the star position (a hybrid linebacker/defensive back position) going into the 2009 season. However, his life was turned upside-down on July 26, 2009. Long story short: Moeller was with his family in Florida when Ralph Gray Decker knocked him unconscious, eventually causing Moeller to experience stroke-like symptoms and bleeding in his brain. Doctors drilled dime-sized holes into his skull to allay the pressure and inserted a titanium plate. They told him to steer clear of physical activity. After making a full recovery, Moeller trained hard in the offseason and was back in the swing of things this past spring, eager to prove himself to everyone. “It’s hard to put into words,” he told ESPN.com last April. “I just want to forget everything that happened in the past and play next year and show people what I can do — show people what I could have done a year ago. Just get everything behind me.” Moeller’s teammates love him. His hustle and passion for the game are contagious. Even the stoic Jim Tressel can’t get enough of Moeller. “Every time I see [Moeller] out there, you know, I smile,” Tressel said in September. As a starter at the “star position” this season, Moeller was arguably OSU’s best defender in the first four games of the season, with 20 tackles, including 4.5 for a loss, one sack, two forced fumbles and an interception to his credit. He was named Big Ten Defensive Player of the Week after the season opener against Marshall. Last Saturday against Illinois, Moeller’s incomprehensible bad luck took a turn for the worse again. He suffered a torn pectoral muscle on OSU’s first defensive possession, an injury that will end his 2010 season. “You just feel sick for him because you saw the pain he was in last year not being able to help his teammates and now he was having fun,” Tressel said. “It’s very disappointing.” OSU’s Energizer Bunny might not see another snap in his college career. Why? Before the season, Moeller, a fifth-year senior, was planning on applying for a sixth year of eligibility to the NCAA. Tressel said OSU will indeed apply for Moeller to gain another year. Here’s to hoping the NCAA smiles upon Moeller’s hardship and grants him one last hurrah as a Buckeye. If anyone deserves a third chance to spite Lady Luck, it’s the man who’s already experienced a life’s worth of trauma. read more


St Xaviers University mulls setting up sports management academy

first_imgKolkata: St. Xavier’s University is planning to set up a Sports Management Academy for various academic courses on sports and also some short term training programmes in this field. University authorities will soon write a letter to Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee urging her to allot a piece of land, measuring around 10 acres near the second campus of the university in New Town.Father Felix Raj, Vice-Chancellor of St Xavier’s University said: “We have a plan to set up a sports management academy in the city for which we would soon write to the Chief Minister requesting her for a piece of land. It would require a 10-acre of land for constructing a full-fledged sports management academy.” Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsStressing the need of a sports management academy, he said proposed academy would offer various undergraduate and post-graduate courses on sports management. It would also impart training on physical education. This is a unique initiative taken by the premier institution. This is probably for the first time that a private institution is coming up with an idea of constructing a sports management academy. It may be mentioned that the State government had allotted a plot of 17-acre in New Town where the second campus of the university has come up. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedSt Xavier’s University will start MBA course at the Xavier Business School (XBS) under the university on its New Town campus from August this year. It has already obtained approval from All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE). It will be a full time residential course, offering specialisations in Marketing, Finance, Human Resources and Systems & Operations. The permission has been given for two sections with sixty students each. The state-of-the-art, smart and air-conditioned class rooms and amphitheaters are ready. The process of enrolment for the candidates has already begun. The institution is also going to start five new undergraduate courses including Bachelor of Management Studies, BA (Hons) in English, BA (Hons) in Mass communication, BA (Hons) in Economics, BCom Hons. The post-graduate degree courses which will be introduced this year are MCom, MA in Mass Communication, MA in English, MA in Economics, Master of Social Work and MBA.There is also a plan to set up a community college where six month certificate courses and one year diploma programmes will be run in the vocations. As a part of ‘Vision 2025 of St Xavier’s University,’ a law school will also be set up on New Town campus.last_img read more