Opinions on Railway Minister Pawan Kumar Bansal’s Railway Budget 2013 may differ from person to person, but on a closer look, he has presented a good budget considering the current financial situation of the Indian Railways and the forthcoming elections next year.In fact, Bansal has taken a few praiseworthy steps towards narrowing down the deficit gap in the struggling Indian Railways without disappointing the common man and at the same time appeasing the industrial sector.Many may questioned if Bansal’s Railway Budget 2013 was too financial discipline and avoided taking bold steps, including hiking passenger fare, keeping in mind next year’s elections and not to disappoint the public who were irked by rail fare hike last month. He is also been criticized for introducing lesser new rail lines compared to previous years.But on a closer look, Bansal has cleverly hiked the passenger fares, though indirectly, and would do so in the future though he abstained from increasing the figure in his budget. The public will indirectly pay more through ticket cancellation, clerkage and tatkal charges. Supplementary charges for super fast trains have also been marginally raised. The cost of travelling on train too may go up as the railway minister hinted a possible annual hike of 5 percent for various kinds of services.The public may also have to pay more in the future depending on the flatuating fuel price as the government is implementing Fuel Adjustment Component (FAC) linked revision for freight tariff from 1st April 2013. The railway minister said that the move could increase the cost of commodities by 4-8 paise per kg but additional revenue to the Railways will be around ₹4,200 crore.Bansal’s Railway Budget has many positive things that his predecesors didn’t think of. The announcement that a loan of ₹3,000 cr taken in 2011-12 has been fully repaid along with interest should come as a welcomed move. He also promised that the Railways will make profit by the end of the financial year.He announced the Indian Railways will set up an exclusive Centralized Training Institute at Secunderabad – Indian Railways Institute of Financial Management (IRIFM), indicating his long-term plan for the Railways.Bansal’s Railway Budget will also please investors, as much modernization projects of the railways will be done through Public-Private Partnership (PPP) route. Target of ₹1000 crore each fixed for Rail Land Development Authority and IR Station Development Corporation to be raised through PPP in 2013-14. Of the planned investment of Rs 63,363 crore for the financial year, ₹6000 crore will be under PPP mode.Many may not be happy for not introducing many new rail lines as expected but several measures announced in the budget like – safety, cleanliness and hygiene, special provision for women passengers and differently abled persons, introduction of Train Protection Warning System on Automatic Signalling Systems, elimination of 10797 level crossings to curb accidents, introduction of Self Propelled Accident Relief Trains, introduction of next-gen e-ticketing system that can handle 7200 tickets per minute as against the present 2000, and several others are necessary and will help the Railways in the long run.Bansal’s Railway Budget 2013 should be considered as a clever one.
Tata Advanced Systems Ltd., the strategic aerospace and defence arm of the Tata Group, has signed an agreement with American aerospace manufacturer Bell Helicopter to develop the helicopter market in India. The deal focuses on production and assembly capabilities, training, maintenance, repair and overhaul requirements, and research and development sharing between the two firms. The aviation and modernisation measures would emphasis on the ‘Make in India’ initiative, TASL said in a statement. Under the agreement, the two companies would jointly develop commercial and government (including military) rotary wing markets in India under the light utility segment.”TASL’s alliance with Bell Helicopter is significant because of our shared synergies; our defence manufacturing capabilities and focus on innovation and we are well aligned with Bell Helicopter’s core competence,” S Ramadorai, Chairman of TASL said. “The collaboration, which is in line with the government’s ‘Make in India’ initiative, holds potential not only in the domestic market but, will also strengthen India’s position in the international market.” Tata Advanced Systems is focused on providing solutions for aerospace, defence and homeland security. It has become a significant player in the global aerospace market and has capabilities throughout the aerospace value chain, from design to assembling full aircraft. The firm is well placed in other areas, which includes missiles, radars, un-manned aerial systems, command and control systems.”TASL has been a leader in driving industrial growth in India, and its organisation ideally complements Bell Helicopter both in terms of innovative thinking, manufacturing capability and a commitment to business ethics, integrity and customer satisfaction,” Mitch Snyder, President and CEO of Bell Helicopter, said in the statement.Bell Helicopter, which was founded in 1935, delivers more than 35,000 aircraft to its customers across the globe.Tata Advanced Systems Limited had earlier announced the tie-up with Bell Helicopter to jointly bid against Mahindra-Airbus combination for a $2-billion naval chopper manufacturing contract.
A second suspected US drone strike on Tuesday killed six people on the mountainous Pakistan-Afghanistan border, after a strike a day earlier that killed 20, government and militant sources said.The attacks came days after a Canadian-American couple held hostage by the Taliban were freed from the area in Pakistan’s northwest, striking a rare positive note in the country’s often-fraught relations with the United States.On Friday, US drones were seen hovering near where American Caitlan Coleman, her Canadian husband, Joshua Boyle, and their three children, all born in captivity, were freed, after having been kidnapped by the Haqqani network while backpacking in Afghanistan in 2012.“Four unmanned drones fired six missiles in Monday’s attack and two more were dropped on Tuesday,” said Baseer Khan Wazir, the top administrative official in the Kurram Agency, part of Pakistan’s restive Federally Administered Tribal Areas.The drones fired missiles on Taliban hideouts, killing at least 26 people over two days, he added, with both attacks taking place on the Afghan side within 300 metres (328 yards) of the frontier.“Twenty people were killed yesterday, mostly from the Afghan Taliban, and six more were killed in today’s attack,” Wazir told Reuters.Taliban sources said 18 members of the Pakistan-based Haqqani militants, allied to the Taliban, were killed in Monday’s strike and six more on Tuesday.“There were some mud-built houses which were being used by the mujahideen (Afghan Taliban fighters),” said a member of the Afghan Taliban, who asked not to be identified.“The drones fired six missiles on Monday and two more today, targeting two, three different compounds.”No prominent militants were in the area, he said. Another Taliban source said two commanders were killed in the attack, however.Witnesses said they heard the drones and saw plumes of smoke before seeing 20 makeshift coffins moved out of the area.“There are always drones hovering over this border area, but this was the first time four drones were noticed at the same time,” said Kurram resident Gulab Sher.
November Qbo 2011 video Always posing the question what-if, Francisco Paz and his Madrid based team, The Corpora, developers of the Qbo, work with Qbo as a robot project. The accent is not on robots with human consciousness but on robots with simulated consciousness. Nonetheless, always asking the question what-if, they posed a teaser for themselves.Now that they got the robot to recognize itself in the mirror, what about when one Qbo is faced with another Qbo, stacking them both with sensors and recognition software? © 2011 PhysOrg.com Kilobots bring us one step closer to a robot swarm Explore further More information: thecorpora.com/blog/?p=854 The Qbo is generally described as open source; it runs on Linux, has two cameras with stereoscopic vision and uses recognition software.They developed bots that talk to each other through Festival, a speech synthesis system, and Julius, a speech recognition engine. In their latest Qbo scenario, a green Daniel123, unaware that a Jane might be on life’s table, is told by its master to turn around, and that is when it encounters blue Jane 234. Daniel appears to be aware that Jane is a Qbo. Daniel and Jane sniff each other out, so to speak, by being programmed to generate nose flashes, to distinguish that there is another individual robot.The sniffing explanations make it tempting to imagine that the robots are independently flirting. The danger is to attribute human consciousness to robots that are not designed that way. Daniel may be able to understand it’s Jane, not himself, in the mirror, but only because it has been programmed that way by a clever human.The Corpora team is the first to dispel any magical human consciousness. They detail what makes Daniel and Jane see each other as separate, but approachable, on the team blog:“Inspired by this process of self-recognition in humans, we developed a new ROS [robot operating system] that is executed when the node “Object Recognizer,” previously trained, has identified a Qbo in the image. Using nose signals to see if the image seen by the robot matches its action, a Qbo can tell in real time whether he sees his image reflected in a mirror or he is watching another Qbo robot in front of him. The sequence of flashes of the nose is randomly generated in each process of recognition, so the probability that two robots generate the same sequence is very low, and even lower that they start to transmit it at the same time.” (PhysOrg.com) — Qbo robots created a stir recently when their developers succeeded in demonstrating that a Qbo can be trained to recognize itself in the mirror. Now the developers have taken their explorations into simulated consciousness a step further. A pair of Qbo robots, colored differently but still two Qbo entities, can recognize each other. Just as human earthling Harry met Sally, Qbo Daniel can meet Jane and they can exchange similarly empty-headed conversation. Citation: Close encounters: When Daniel123 met Jane234 (w/ video) (2012, January 4) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-01-encounters-daniel123-met-jane234-video.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Taaq, which stands for Thermal and A Quarter, was formed by three Malyalees in Bangalore 15 years back. Over the years, they have carved a niche of its own amongst the many rock bands in India. Now, having played all over India, and also in the US, UK, West Asia, China and southeast Asia and having released four studio albums and several singles, Taaq was in the Capital to launch their fifth studio album — Three Wheels Nine Lives — at Hard Rock Café. The three Taaq members — Bruce Lee Mani, Rajeev Rajagopal and Prakash KN — started it of as a college band in 1996. Since then, Taaq has been known to deliver unforgettable, immersive musical performances. Talking about the new album Rajeev says: ‘There is no single theme for the album. It’s a mixed bag. It’s a pretty massive album with 28 songs.’ ‘This album is one of the largest bodies of work created for one album. The songs deal with various subjects starting from adventures one has on getting into an auto rickshaw and the meter problems we all face, which unites us all Indians,’ he added. The band members say that they have never let the legacy of Bangalore city drain out of their music system in spite of the many Western instruments they might play. ‘Outside India, our music is known to be exotic and not Western. In India, people think if we are playing rock that means aping the West. But none of us have ever been trained in Western instruments or music,’ explains Rajeev. The band played numbers from their new album. Delhi is known to have their largest fan base, so they didn’t want to disappoint them by playing only the old numbers. Viva la Bangalore, we would say!
Two people including a bus driver died while five others were injured in a road accident on Yamuna Expressway on Tuesday. Police said that the victims met with the accident when a roadways bus, coming from Agra with dozens of passengers, hit
Popular music has gradually become angrier and sadder over time, and the expression of joy has declined, a study has found. While music fans preferred joyful songs during the 1950s, modern music consumers are more interested in songs that express sadness or anger, researchers said. Data scientists at Lawrence Technological University in the US used quantitative analytics to study the change in lyrics of popular music over seven decades, from the 1950s to 2016. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf”The change in lyrics sentiments does not necessarily reflect what the musicians and songwriters wanted to express, but is more related to what music consumers wanted to listen to in each year,” said Lior Shamir, from Lawrence Technological University. Research analysed the lyrics of over 6,000 songs of the ‘Billboard Hot 100’ in each year. In the past the songs were ranked mainly by record sales, radio broadcasting, and jukebox plays, but in the more recent years it is based on several other popularity indicators such as streaming and social media to reflect the changes in music consumption. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThe tones expressed in each song were analysed by applying automatic quantitative sentiment analysis. Automatic sentiment analysis associates each word or phrase in the song with a set of tones that they express. The combination of the tones expressed by all words and phrases of the lyrics determines the sentiment of that song. The sentiments of all Billboard Hot 100 songs in each year are averaged, and the average of each year allows to measure whether the expression of that sentiment increased, decreased, or remained constant. The analysis showed that the expression of anger in popular music lyrics has increased gradually over time. Songs released during the mid 1950s were the least angry, and the anger expressed in lyrics has increased gradually until peaking in 2015. The analysis also revealed some variations. Songs released in the three years of 1982-1984 were less angry compared to any other period, except for the 1950s. In the mid 1990s, songs became angrier, and the increase in anger was sharper during that time in comparison to previous years. The expression of sadness, disgust and fear also increased over time, although the increase was milder compared to the increase in the expression of anger. Disgust increased gradually, but was lower in the early 1980s and higher in the mid and late 1990s. Popular music lyrics expressed more fear during the mid 1980s, and the fear decreased sharply in 1988. Another sharp increase in fear was observed in 1998 and 1999, with a sharp decrease in 2000. The study also showed that joy was a dominant tone in popular music lyrics during the late 1950s, but it decreased over time and became much milder in the recent years.